Sariska National Park is situated near the Aravalli
range in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. The park
is at a distance of 200 km away from Delhi and
covers an area of around 800 sq km. Craggy cliffs
and narrow valleys
mostly dominate the entire landscape of Sariska,
which was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and finally
made a national park in 1979. Mainly covered by dry
deciduous vegetation, Sariska is home to animals
like the tiger, hyena, sambhar, wildcat, langur,
wild boar, nilgai, leopard and the chital. On travel
to Sariska you will be able to view these animals in
their full jungle glory. However the tiger
population in Sariska is fast decreasing and it is
feared that the tiger is an extinct species in
Sariska. The peafowl, partridge, great Indian horned
owl, eagle and the white-breasted kingfisher
represent the avian species. If you travel to
Sariska don't forget to visit the ancient monuments
scattered around the place, which are excellent
places for exploration.
Sariska is one of the very few wildlife sanctuaries
in India that offers visitors the chance to view
wildlife from very close quarters. It is well known
that during the morning and evening
hours in Sariska, its wildlife population heads
towards many of the water holes scattered around the
park. So you can just book a hide near one of these
water holes, grab a camera and get your fill of
wildlife viewing. Even though the park is open
throughout the year, the best time to travel to
Sariska is from the month of October to June.
forests are dry deciduous, with trees of Dhak,
Acacia, Ber and Salar. The Tigers of Sariska are
largely nocturnal and are not as easily seen as
those of Ranthambore. The park also has good
populations of Nilgai, Sambar and Chital. In the
evenings, Indian Porcupine, Striped Hyaena, Indian
Palm Civet and even Leopard are sometimes seen. The
forests are lush during and immediately following
the monsoon, but during the dry months of February
May there is a shortage of water and in consequence
mammals are attracted to water holes. At this time
of year visibility is good because of the sparse
foliage. Sariska is excellent for birdwatching and
has an unusually large population of Indian Peafowl.
Fauna : Home to the tigers, Sariska National
Park is known for its tigers. According to the
latest available data, there are about 35 tigers at
Sariska. Other residents of the Sariska National
Park includes the panther, jungle cat, jackal,
hyena, and fox. Sambhar, chital, wild boar, hare,
nilgai, civet, four-horned antelope, gaur (Indian
bison) and porcupine also inhabit the sanctuary.
Birds found here include peafowl, gray partridges,
quails, sand grouses, tree pies, white-breasted
kingfishers, golden-backed woodpeckers, crested
serpent eagles, vultures and horned owls.
Flora : Dry & deciduous terrains is the feature
of the Sariska National Park. The park is
predominated by dhok (Anogeissus pendula), khair
(Acacia catechu), tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon) and
ber (Zizyphus maudrentiana) trees. Sariska is one of
the few remaining forest in the Aravali range that
has survived the assault of the modern time. The
forest remains lush green during the monsoon period
and dry in summer.
Remarkable for their lack of timidity are the Rhesus
and Langur, which, at Sariska tolerate human
closeness with astonishing equanimity.
The birdlife comprises of the Pea Fowl, Gray
Partridge, Quail, Sand grouse, Tree Pie,
White-Breasted Kingfisher, Golden-Backed Woodpecker,
Crested Serpent, Eagle and Great Indian Horned Owl.
VIEWING THE WILD
The best way to visit the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary
is by jeep and these can be arranged at the Forest
Reception Office on Jaipur Road.
Booking a `hide', overlooking one of the waterholes,
can provide an excellent opportunity for viewing and
photographing wildlife. So, pick up your sleeping
bag and some food and settle down to watch.
Within the park are the ruins of many temples.